Lodge Spirit Contents

The Cleveland Natural Science Club was founded in 1924 by natural science teachers from Western Reserve University.  The Club subsequently built today’s Look About Lodge.

To explain why these teachers chose to focus their education careers on the natural sciences, a presumption was made that they were influenced by the naturalists of the preceding century.  Thus, Lodge Spirit devotes twelve chapters to how nature appreciation was established, grew, and has changed in America.

The nature appreciation portion of the book begins with a chapter on the inauguration of nature appreciation, and continues with chapters on six nineteenth century naturalists who were most influential in this venture.  There are then five chapters describing how nature appreciation has developed and changed over the years.  Finally, there’s a chapter on how Cleveland Metroparks was created and grew.

This leaves eleven chapters to tell the story of Look About Lodge.  These chapters describe the first Look About Lodge and how the Club acquired it, how the location of today’s Look About Lodge was chosen, the building of today’s Lodge, and some of the Science Club’s activities in the early years of today’s Look About Lodge.

A timeline on nature appreciation and Look About Lodge wraps up the book.

References and supporting documents are provided in 13 appendices.  The book covers 176 pages, and includes 71 photos and drawings, a number of which are from the 1930s and 1940s.

The contents of Lodge Spirit are as follows.  See what interests you.


I. “The Chicken came first!”

1. The Factors That Enabled Look About Lodge.

A combination of unique factors came together to make today’s special Look About Lodge possible.  Five of these factors are explained beginning on the fourth page of the first chapter.


2. Look About Lodge – A Sanctuary in the Woods

Today’s Look About Lodge was designed to serve two purposes.  First, it is a facility in which to study nature and to educate the public about nature.  In addition, it is a refuge in which visitors can commune with nature.


3. The Inauguration of Nature Appreciation.

In the early 1900s, there was a “back to nature” movement in America.  Learn how and why this happened.


II. America’s Early “Natural Scientists”

4. John Bartram – Botanical Delineation

Discover how Bartram became a noted botanist, selling plants for not only noteworthy properties in the United States, but for properties in  England and other European countries.


5. John Audubon – Avian Documentation

Find out why Audubon came to America from France, had to draw his detailed pictures of birds a second time, and how he became a noted bird artist in England and Europe as well as the United States.


6. John Burroughs – Homespun Inspiration

Discover that Burroughs never intended to become a writer.  Then learn how Burroughs used a small cabin made of wood slabs to write inspiring nature essays and to entertain people such as Theodore Roosevelt, John Muir, Thomas Edison, and Henry Ford.

7. John Muir – Passionate Initiation

Discover how Muir came to America from Scotland and then almost lost his eye sight, and how this life-changing experience motivated his devotion to nature appreciation.


8. Ernest Thompson Seton – A True Transformation

Learn how Seton came to Canada from England, why he used three names, and why he came to the United States and how he transitioned from a wolf bounty hunter into a strong advocate of nature appreciation.


9. Theodore Roosevelt – Dynamic Facilitation

Find out how Roosevelt set the tone for creating national parks in the United States, and how he used a law that is still being used today to get  around Congress and protect thousands of acres of wilderness, and why he became a dynamic supporter of nature appreciation.


III. Parkland For All The People

10. National Preservation

Learn how the nation’s national park system came into being based on an expedition financed by three men to explore Yellowstone’s natural wonders.


11. Conservation Gets a Fresh Meaning

Find out why the national parks were a “new concept” in conservation, and how they lead to a world-wide trend in national parks.


12. Preservation Is About Resurgence

Discover the impact the new conservation concept had on the country and wildlife.


13. The Refocus to Environmental Protection

Find out why the Cuyahoga’s reputation as a burning river was unjustified, and why the definition of conservation shifted back from wilderness protection to interest in protecting air, water, oil, and other natural resources.


14. Cleveland Metroparks – The System That Made Look About Lodge Possible

Learn how the “emerald necklace” concept lead to the creation, and rapid growth, of Cleveland Metroparks, Ohio’s largest metropolitan park system.


IV. A Sanctuary In The Woods

15. The First Look About Lodge

Learn how the Science Club got its first clubhouse, and what they had to do to get their first Look About Lodge.


16. A Unique New Look About Lodge – A Cooperative Venture

Find out what qualified the Club to get a new Look About Lodge, and how they did it.


17. The Structure

Find out what happened to the four totems that were on the roof of the east porch, and why the amphitheater was removed.


18. A Distinctive Building

Learn why there are only three stairways in today’s Lodge, when it was designed with four, and why a uniquely carved stairway post was removed.


V. Life and Activities at the Lodge

19. A Strategic Plan for Use of the Lodge

Learn about the plan for implementing the Club’s obligation to provide nature education and interpretation.


20. Events of the Club That Built the Lodge

Learn what activities the Club planned and implemented to foster education in the natural sciences.


21. Taking Time for Recreation

Find out why recreation was a prominent part of the Club’s activities.


22. Making Time for Operations

Discover what operational duties the Club had to perform to maintain their beloved Lodge.


23. The Club’s Founder

Gain insights into the man who inspired the Club and the building of its unique Lodge.


24. A Timeline of Nature Appreciation –That Lead To Cleveland Metroparks and The Cleveland Natural Science Club and Look About Lodge


A. Cleveland Natural Science Club Charter Members

B. Cleveland Natural Science Club Presidents

C. Club Sections and Committees

D. What You Might Have Seen On the Winter Trail

E. Examples of Memory Fireplace Rocks and Minerals

F. Museum Exhibits

G. Science Club Property in the Lodge

H. Anton Nosek’s Other Metroparks Buildings

I. Ellis Persing’s Lodge Dedication Speech

J. Arthur L. Munson Excerpts

K. Edward W. Doller Comments

L. Background Reference Sources

M. Photo Credits

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